This publication is outcome of the research and analysis of migration flows from Ukraine into Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia influenced by war in Ukraine. In 4 national studies, researchers analyse the situation in 4 countries including asylum immigration, labour and bussiness immigration and student visa. Also, researchers focused on special governmental schemes targeted to facilitate immigration of vulnerable or other groups of Ukrainians into V4 countries if such schemes existed or exist. Finally, the publication includes join recommendations for governments and stakeholders from all V4 countries on better and flexible managment and facilitation of Ukrainian immigration into V4 countries.

National report has been prepared under the project co-financed by the EU: Best practice in determination and implementation of durable solutions for separated children in Europe. Report has been prepared in cooperation with national advisory commitee, in which the State authorities were represented.

In relation to current refugee crisis, large number of separated children has arrived to Europe. These children are not accompanied with parents or any other responsible person. International organizations and monitoring bodies (UNHCR, UNICEF, GRETA) regularly reminds on the risks these children face in relation to facilitation of basic services and protection against expulsion and trafficking in human beings.

According to the European Commission, the "determination and implementation of durable solution" is one of the main forms of common european protection approach on separated children.

Durable solution is permanent solution, determined in shortest possible time after the arrival of child, which is subjected to review and which takes into account best interest of child, including assessment of several factors such as family of the child; citizenship/nationality; religion; culture; safety of the child including protection against trafficking in human beings; vulnerability and other protection needs, including child's own opinions and abilities.

Slovakia has a well developed infrastructure for separated children, including system of care, which can provide protection for the child, future and care. Based on this existing system, we advise to the State to include several places for separated children within the relocation and resettlement scheme, for which such participation will be in their best interest and who will be placed into children foster care in Medzilaborce, where their integration can start.

The coaching manual is developed under the project “Coaching-Innovative support for better integration of refugees”, Grundtvig Program – Learning Partnerships, a project implemented between August 2013-July 2015 by Association Pro Refugiu Romania in partnership with Caritas Prague Czech Republic and Human Rights League Slovakia.

The manual is designed to provide professionals working already with refugees as social counsellors, psychologists, cultural mediators with a practical, enjoyable way to learn about coaching and they can use it to help refugees.

Coaching approach is a very innovative topic used in various domains in helping people to learn how to increase their self- awareness, improve confidence in dealing with various obstacles and challenges in their current life, increase motivation. There is a strong need for a new approach to refugees’ assistance – one that takes in account to reduce vulnerability over time, actively promoting refugees’ ability to support themselves in dealing with current integration problems, rather than a simple counselling.

The brochure is intended mainly for unaccompanied minors, i. e. for all children and young people under 18 years of age who are in Slovakia without their parents or other relatives.
The aim of this publication is to give you and other children in a situation similar to yours answers to questions you would like to know, and thus facilitate your orientation in life in Slovakia.
By reading this publication you will learn about: Children’s home for unaccompanied minors in Medzilaborce; who is a guardian and what is his/her role; what are your options for finding a solution to your current situation; what is the asylum and subsidiary protection, and to whom can they be granted; the asylum procedure and where will you stay during your asylum procedure; what is the tolerated stay permit and what are your rights while having a tolerated stay status; whether you have the possibility to return to your country of origin (that means to the country you come from, or directly to your family) and who can help you to do so; whether you can reunite with your relatives who live in another country; what happens when you reach 18 years of age; which authorities and organizations can help you, including contact information; finally, you will be offered a dictionary describing terms you can come across in regard to your legal status and your stay in the Slovak Republic.


Project name: Legal Counselling for residence and citizenship 4

The project is co-financed by the European Union from the European fund for integration of  third countries nationalsSolidarity and management of migration flows.


This is a practical guide for you, whom has decided to temporarily or permanently settle in Slovakia, which was published with the support of the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals and the Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows.
In this brochure we present an overview of the life situations and questions that lawyers of the Centre for Residence and Citizenship at the Human Rights League dealt with in working with foreigners. We understand that the success in obtaining and renewing residence often lies within the details and would thus like to prevent any misunderstandings considering the time available. Therefore we want to offer both a general overview and illustration of the anonymous stories of our clients and portray the practical "instructions" on how to cope with the situations.
We consider it important to draw your attention to the fact that the personal life stories in this guide are individual reactions and recommended practices which may or may not be entirely appropriate for you. You must verify the detailed information in documents such as the Act on Residence of Foreigners with your lawyer or directly with the public office with which you come into contact. Furthermore, the guide’s ambition is to offer you a basic overview of the rights and obligations which the law bestows on you in order to have your rights and responsibilities effectively protected apart from exceptional circumstances. If you already live in Slovakia and you have a legal problem, which you do not understand, this brochure may be of guidance to you.
Project name: Legal Counselling for residence and citizenship 3

The project is co-financed by the European Union from the European fund for integration of  third countries nationalsSolidarity and management of migration flows.


This report has been written as part of the 3-year project “Promotion of the Rights of Trafficked Persons in Bulgaria, Romania and Slovakia with Emphasis on Legal Support – A Human Rights-Based Approach”. It provides a legal analysis of the position of trafficked persons in criminal and other relevant proceedings and their treatment by the judicial system, in particular their access to legal aid and the protection of their rights as victims and witnesses, including access to compensation. The report contains an analysis of the legal provisions pertaining to the position of victim/witnesses of trafficking and their implementation in practice, based on the experiences of the partner NGOs and information from interviews with victims. Attention is also paid to the national definition of trafficking and its implementation, in particular whether it offers equal protection without discrimination to all possible victims, including sex workers and victims of trafficking and exploitation for other purposes than prostitution.

This National report is a part of the project “Practices in interviewing immigrants: legal implications” funded by the Visegrad Fund. The project is realized with Slovak Human Rights League, The Hungarian Helsinki Committee, Czech Organization for Aid to Refugees and Ukrainian Caritas.

Autori národných štúdií Practices in interviewing immigrants: legal implications sú expertmi cudzineckého práva: za Poľsko: Maja Tobiasz, za Ukrajinu: Kristina Jarošová, za Maďarsko: Orsolya Szantai Vecsera, za Česko: Hana Franková, za Slovensko: Zuzana Števulová.

Národné správy sú k dispozícii na webstránkach všetkých piatich partnerov výskumu:

alebo priamy odkaz:

Practices in interviewing immigrants POLAND

„Detention and alternatives to detention in the Slovak Republic – National report“ includes the description of the applicable legislation in 2010 and 2011, assessment of its application, challenges, barriers and concerns, and also highlights the upcoming changes to legislation since January 2012. The basic overview of the asylum system, detention legislation, implications on the asylum seekers, statistics and the assessment and main findings are included as well. The main recommendations for further development of the system are included in the document “National Policy Brief” that is part of this report.

Authors: Miroslava Mittelmannová, Zuzana Števulová

Project: „Steps to Freedom. Monitoring detention and promoting alternatives to detention of asylum seekers in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic”

Project co-financed by the European Commission, European Refugee Fund

Participants in the project of the Visegrad Fund have extensive experience of the crucial issues studied and can draw on personal observation. We have repeatedly noted complaints about the conduct and quality of interpreting during various proceedings and in foreigners’ contacts with the state organs. We ask whether the existing legal norms and their practical application sufficiently guarantee respect for the fundamental rights of foreigners, as regards proper and lawful interpreting during the proceedings. Furthermore, we raise the question of the risks other foreigners are exposed to, due to persistent inadequacies identified by the observers.
The findings presented in the study are drawn from the observations and experience of all the project partners and reflect the current state of practice in the years 2010-2011. In our findings and recommendations we do not distinguish the type of public service administrator. The term interview is used to mean any type of contact between state organs and foreigners, given that the problems which are mentioned appear in all state institutions, though in differing degrees. For institutional specifications see the national studies.

This comparative study addresses identified problems in interpreting in V4 and Ukraine and offers recommendations for all the stakeholders in contact with immigrants.

This handbook is written for all who come into contact with immigrants and who aim to understand them. Principally, the information here may be useful for state administrators, members of the police, interpreters, judges, legal representatives, and workers from the non-governmental sector. But it may be a source of inspiration for members of other professions also. They will find here guidelines for conducting an interview: information on the various methods of posing questions, on description, on human memory, and on the specifics of interpreting and intercultural communication.

Helena Tužinská’s book encourages a thoughtful approach to what seems a straightforward encounter, the open interview. Writing in an accessible style, she describes how a routine use of language, or a schematic notion of how human memory functions, can be obstacles to knowledge. Her book is a valuable demonstration of the fact that analytical acuteness and respect for the other person need not be mutually exclusive alternatives. I therefore warmly recommend it to social scientists and all who use the interview as a means towards understanding the life experiences of others. Zuzana Kusá, sociologist